Debt and Equity Financing Sources

It has been proven that data driven business strategies are far more successful than those that don't regularly evaluate data.

What is the Difference between Debt Financing & Equity Financing?

Every company, regardless of its size or industry needs a reliable flow of capital to operate, and endeavor to grow. For many businesses, developing the right kind of capital strategy to meet their unique needs can be challenging.

The seasoned professionals at SOGID™ Management Consultants have years of experience in helping companies create capital financing plans that will best align with both their short and long-term goals. When it comes to raising money for a business, a one-size-fits-all approach will not suffice.

The SOGID™ team can work with your executive leadership to determine the best path for your specific circumstances.

Debt financing and equity financing are two of the most common types of financial arrangements that companies utilize.

equity financing

What Is Debt Financing?

Debt financing is a strategy that involves the borrowing of funds from a financial institution that is expected to be paid back with interest. There are several advantages to entering into a debt financing agreement with an external lending partner, including:
  • Ownership Retention – Debt financing does not require a company owner to give away any stake in the business. Sometimes a financial institution will require collateral for a loan, but ownership in the organization remains the same.
  • Management Control – Just as ownership is not affected by a debt financing agreement, neither is its management team. All decision-making power remains the same.
  • Fixed Payments – Most lending institutions will offer businesses a debt financing arrangement featuring fixed, monthly payments. Having a fixed repayment schedule each month helps with cash flow planning.
  • Tax Deductible Interest Payments – Regardless of the type of debt financing agreement a business enters into, the interest paid on borrowed money is usually tax deductible.

Disadvantages of Debt Financing

While there are some distinct benefits to a debt financing agreement, there are also disadvantages that must be considered, such as:

  • Additional Debt Incurred – Debt financing is essentially a loan to a business, which increases its overall debt obligations to lenders.
  • Cash Flow Strain – A company’s additional obligation to make debt payments could harm its overall cash flow position.
  • Possible Credit Rating Impact – In some cases, when a business takes on additional debt, its corporate credit rating can be negatively impacted.

What is Equity Financing?

Equity financing is accomplished by selling a portion of a company’s ownership to raise capital. Whether that be through the issuing of stock, or a simple infusion of cash from a private investor, there are some key advantages of equity financing, including:
  • No Repayment Obligation – Under equity financing, there is no need to repay the funds that investors have put into the business. No debt is incurred under this arrangement.
  • Additional Business Resources – Bringing in investors can leverage the experience, management, and technical skills of outside parties.
  • Cash Flow Improvement – Proceeds from stock purchases or investments can have a positive effect on a company’s cash flow position.
  • Potential for Additional Investment – As a company grows and continues to prosper, its investors could be willing to provide additional capital funding as needed.

Disadvantages of Equity Financing

While there are some distinct advantages to equity financing, the potential drawbacks must also be considered, including:
  • Surrender of Ownership – Equity financing transfers a portion of a company’s ownership to its new stockholders. These investors will then have a say in the way the organization is operated.
  • Profit Sharing – All owners of an organization are entitled to profit-sharing distributions. Any new investors in an equity financing arrangement will be entitled to receive dividends or other compensation, equal to the percentage of ownership they hold in the company.
  • Securities Regulations –Companies that issue stock in an equity financing agreement must comply with all federal securities regulations. This additional administrative burden should be considered before issuing stock to interested investors.

Key Differences Between Debt Financing vs. Equity Financing

Criteria Debt Financing Equity Financing
Ownership Impact No change in corporate ownership. Ownership expanded through the selling of stock or investment.
Management Impact No change. Possible - Based on stock purchase or investment agreements.
Corporate Debt Impact Additional company debt is incurred. None.
Tax Advantages Debt interest is usually tax deductible. None.
Additional Capital Potential Only through additional debt. Through current investors.
Cash Flow Increases cash flow. Increases cash flow.
Negative Credit Rating Impact Possible No
Business Debt Financing

A Partner in Your Success

The experienced team at SOGID® Management Consultants can help you determine whether debt or equity financing would be best for your business.

It is important to be fully informed of both the benefits and disadvantages that each capital funding strategy brings with it. Let us put our decades of financial expertise to work in helping you find the right approach to reach your financial objectives. Contact us today to learn more.

© 2023 All rights reserved